Robotic Process Automation Tutorial for Beginners

Robotic Process Automation Tutorial (RPA)

What is Robotic Process Automation:


I have been researching and reading about Robotic Process Automation since 2014. In this rpa tutorial I’m going to explain all my understanding and researches about RPA in a layman’s language. So that even the beginners who reads this tutorial will get a clear understanding about RPA.

Robotic Process Automation or RPA (now a days for everything there is an acronym) in simple words means:

“robots are going to do the tasks which are now performed by humans”.

Don’t worry not literally as in the below pic 🙂

Robotic Process Automation

Let me now go in detail:

  • When I say robots are going to do the human tasks that doesn’t mean physical robots are going to sit infront of the computer and do the tasks, it means a software application that will replicate the actions or tasks exactly the way how a human does.
  • RPA will automate low value clerical activities performed by humans. Most importantly RPA is only for clerical process automation and not for all human activities.

Now this would have suddenly rang a bell – humans are going to lose jobs!??

Answer is Not Exactly!

Ofcourse there will be some changes in the way how we have been working so far. RPA is going to open up new opportunities for human workers. Robotic Process Automation is a way of Artificial Intelligent workers performing the tasks.

We should be smart enough to find those new opportunities and prepare ourselves to grab it as and when it arises (Infact now is that right time).

Robotic Process Automation Tutorial

Why to automate repetitive tasks/process:


When a job gets monotonous people lose interest but not robots!, then why do humans have to do those monotonous, low value adding, repetitive jobs?

Humans can do much better interesting jobs!

When something is delivered without interest, chance more for errors.  In case of robots there is no such complications as robots doesn’t have interests unlike humans.

Industrial experts substantiate the automation for below reasons:

  1. To avoid human errors and to reduce human efforts.
  2. To saves time and improve productivity, accuracy and consistency.
  3. Enhance the business analytics and easy standardization of workflow.
  4. To have a frictionless delivery of tasks.
  5. Complete Audit trail for any kind of compliance purposes.
  6. Cost reduction.



Two examples from the past:

                                  Ok! now think it in this way, when computers were introduced there were objections from many group of people around world. People were saying “computers are going to take away the human jobs” but was it so??

One of the biggest revolutions that has ever happened in the history was ‘Books to Computers’. Now I don’t have to explain anything more about the billions of opportunities computers created. How computers have changed the word!

People who were smart and fast enough to adapt to computers grabbed the opportunities while others were busy protesting.

                                   Opportunities didn’t stop there, it was keep following form then. I would want to take one more simple example from the past:

Microsoft Excel has been a fantabulous application and it’s a bread and butter for millions of people around the world. But in excel also people does monotonous, low value adding, repetitive jobs, so whats next??

Some people were smart enough even there too, found opportunity for automation and simplification.  They learned more about Excel formulas, Macros, VBA etc. and grabbed those opportunities.

They got paid well and grew in their career (me too have the similar experience) while others were still struggling with untidy monotonous jobs in Excel.

So what I’m trying to make you understand is Robotic Process Automation is one such golden opportunity!

Now lets come out of that era of Excel Formulas, Macros and VBA, world has gone further from there!

For example who likes to sit and process 100s of invoices everyday throughout their life?? No-one right!! So what next??

RPA is going to be that change. Robots will do those kind of jobs exactly the way how a human does.

That’s why I was saying don’t worry it’s not you and me going to lose the job; it’s a bell ringing for people who are tired of doing monotonous clerical jobs. Its time for them to prepare themselves for the new opportunities.

So now you might be thinking what are those new opportunities that I’m keep saying and how to find those opportunities.

Before we get to discuss about the opportunities that RPA going to create, its required to clearly understand –

How Robotic Process Automation works!

First let me say the good news – RPA is Code Free! Hurrah! Yes RPA doesn’t need a single piece of code or need any programming skills to automate a process.

Then how does RPA work? – RPA works using Demonstrative Steps.
As I mentioned above it’s a way of Artificial Intelligent or rather virtual workers performing the activities as exactly as human does.

Lets take a business process example, when a new joiner comes in the team how he/she gets trained to do a task, the same way these virtual workers also need to be trained step by step.

Who are the best people to train the new joiner? ofcourse not the IT engineers!

Its the SMEs and Process Experts.

Similarly the best people to train the RPA robots also are the Business operations people. The subject matter experts and the process experts.

And the best part with virtual workers are Once trained then lifetime permanent worker, no attrition unlike human workers 🙂

Below is an example of how Robotic Process Automation works in an Order Management Process.



Process experts with no programming skill can become RPA experts in few weeks. As per studies, few weeks of training on RPA tools can make operations people to independently automate process.

Robotic Process Automation Vendors & RPA Tools List


Below are some of the leading Robotic Process Automation vendors providing the RPA tools to automate the processes.

1. Blue Prism

The term Robotic Process Automation was invented by Blue Prism, that itself proves they are the pioneers in Robotic Process Automation software development. Blue Prism has been recognized by the American IT research and advisory company Gartner, Inc. They already have more than 100 customers around the world and partnered with biggest giants like NHS, Accenture, Hexaware, Hewlett Packard Enterprise, Capgemini, IBM etc.

  • Blue Prism


Highly recommended to download the Free Brochure on Blue Prism product overview.

2. UiPath

They are one of the most leading RPA vendors in the industry, already providing robotic process automation solutions to companies like SAP, EY, J.P.Morgan, Deloitte, Accenture, Capgemini, BBC etc.

Below are 3 Robotic Process Automation products provided by UiPath:

  • UiPath Studio
  • Front Office and Back Office – UiPath Robots
  • UiPath Orchestrator


Contact UiPath for Trial


Automation Anywhere is another top RPA vendors providing powerful and user-friendly robotic process automation tools to automate tasks of any complexity. They are partnered with companies like EMC2, KPMG, Deloitte, Accenture, Genpact, Infosys etc.

Below is the robotic process automation product by Automation Anywhere:

  • Automation Anywhere Enterprise

Contact Automation Anywhere for Demo

4. Softomotive

Softomotive is one of the leading Robotic Process Automation providers offers sharp business solutions, premium support and professional services that organisations need to get the most out of their enterprise automation. They been trusted by more than 6,000 companies worldwide, (Intel, IBM, SIEMENS, Accenture, Vodafone, pwc, Adobe, Xerox, Cognizant etc).

Softmotive has been operating for more than 10 years in the software automation market, and they offers the most reliable and scaleable automation solutions, bridging the gap between best-of-breed technology and continuous innovation to deliver true business transformation.

They are the same Company created the most powerful and easy to use Desktop Automation Solution – WinAutomation, for individuals and small teams. Revolutionizing the automation market since 2005.

Softomotive has developed a Robotic Process Automation Product exclusively for enterprises, which will dramatically reduce the operational costs, increase efficiency, improve productivity and accelerate performance. These software robots are name as:

  • ProcessRobot

Schedule your live ProcessRobot product demo

5. Pega

Pegasystems is a software company develop strategic applications for sales, marketing, services and operations. They have a wide variety of products designed for different industries like Financial Services, Insurance, Healthcare, Communications, and Government etc.

The advantage with Pega’s robotic process automation tool is that, they already have industry leading BPM (Business Process Modeling) platforms and recently acquired OpenSpan RPA software company. Which makes Pega a complete solution, enterprises no longer have to choose between automation vs. digital transformation.

  • Robotic Automation & Intelligence

Request a Demo

6. KOFAX from Lexmark

Kofax is a leading software company owns the trademark for “First Mile” of customer engagement.

They have a Robotic Process Automation and Web Data Integration product called Kofax Kapow. Which is highly scalable and flexible to provide any kind of robotic automation and artificial intelligence capabilities.

  • Kofax Kapow

Request a Trial


NICE is a leading RPA solutions providers in the industry having solid 6 customer success stories. Their Free ebook on Robotic Process Automation Case Studies and RPA Infographics provides more insights about the company and RPA.

  • NICE

Get in Touch with NICE

8. G1ANT

Another pretty straight forward and a new Robotic Process Automation vendor who operates on 3 simple steps automation.

Performance audit, Work automation and Technology Transformation.

  • G1ANT

Watch how G1ANT robot works

9. Novayre Solutions

Novayre Solutions is a Spanish software company specialized in software development, integration and automation. They have been providing business intelligence and automation solutions since 2008. Novayre Solutions developed a Robotic Process Automation with a unique name called Jidōka, which means “automation with a human touch” in Japanese. The whole idea behind this RPA tool is to replicate the human behavior using computer applications.

  • Jidōka

Request a Jidōka demo


WorkFusion is a software company committed to develop AI powered software products to transform the work. Company headquartered on Wall Street in New York city with branches in India, US and Europe. Key concepts or focus are of WorkFusion are Robotic Process Automation, Artificial Intelligence and Cognitive Automation.

WorkFusion is already partnered with companies like Deloitte, Cognizant, HCL Technologies, EY, L&T Infotech, TATA, Virtusa, FIS™ and Wipro.

  • WorkFusion 

Know more about WrokFusion RPA

Now that we know some of the leading Robotic Process Automation vendors, the next step is to decide which tool to choose. Its a hard decision! since all most all the vendors are providing about similar rpa tools in terms of as an automation solution.

Few More RPA Tools list, Watch here:

Robotic Process Automation Tools selection Checklist:


  1. Technology

First and foremost is the technology in which RPA tool has been built, like Microsift .NET, IBM Mainframe, Java, web etc.  The tool has to be platform independent, considering many of the organizations perform their day to day tasks outside the local desktop using Citrix or Virtual machines etc. So the automation solution should be able to support any application and platform.

  1. Interface

Next most important feature is the RPA tool’s user interface. A complex user interface will delay the process of implementation and increase the learning curve and adaptability. A more user friendly interface like drag and drop, auto capture, image recognition etc. would be better.

  1. Management

It is important to know how effectively and easily the robots can be managed considering these robots are going to be replacing your human workforce. There should be a high level of visibility and control in terms of process monitoring, process change, development, re-use etc.

  1. Security

I would say security is one of the most important factor to be considered. How safe are the robots when compared to the humans?  After all robots/RPA tools are also a piece of software, so how much more security controls can be implemented, test the code rigidly and lock it up, the better. Automation solutions that supports the compliance process (like HIPPA – For Healthcare industry, SOX – Financial Sector, PCI DSS – Credit card related organization etc.) are some of the factors to be considered in terms of security.

Different Robotics Process Automation Jobs


Robotics Process Automation jobs can be broadly classify into 3 major categories.

  1. RPA Developers/Architects
  2. Robotic Process Automation Consultants/Specialists
  3. RPA Leads/Managers

You can find more relevant RPA jobs and job descriptions here

RPA Implementation Plan


There are mainly 6 steps to be followed for a successful RPA implementation.

  1. Identify the Automation Opportunities
  2. Optimize the Identified Processes
  3. Build a Business Case
  4. RPA Vendor Selection
  5. Pilot RPA Development
  6. Ramp up and Continue Building Expertise RPA bots.

I have written a more detailed article on the RPA implementation process, you may please check the same. Also you can download the FREE Infographics on the RPA Journey from the above article link.

There are many more topics related to RPA are on the way to be published, like the ones below.

Subscribe to my Newsletter and be the first one to get notified, as soon as its published.

  1. Different Robotic Process Automation Job Opportunities
  2. List of companies using robotic process automation
  3. Best institutes providing trainings on RPA tools.
  4. RPA related books review.

Let me end this rpa tutorial for beginners in simple words “Give robots’ job to robots and humans’ jobs to humans”

Tweet: Give robots’ job to robots and humans’ jobs to humans

Please let me know what are other topics you would like to know about Robotic Process Automation in the comments section below. I’m more than happy to answer it!

About Anson

I’m Anson, having versatile experience in Business Process Outsourcing, Finance & Accounting, Information Technology, Operational Excellence & Business Intelligence. I'm currently working in a MNC in Bangalore, India. Learning anything new has always been my passions and if its related to Business and Technology then, I love it. This website/blog is an outcome of my passion towards it and I have been blogging since 2012. Outside business and technology I’m a movie freak who spends hours together watching and learning Cinema.


  1. Pingback: List of Companies using Robotic Process Automation [With comparison]

  2. Pingback: 3 Robotic Process Automation Training Stages [List: Courses & Institutes]

  3. I am a Manual Tester and need to learn automation RPA, Please suggest which RPA tool is best to learn and shine myself in carrier

  4. Pingback: robotic-process-automation-rpa | Programming Myself.. Ambati Sreedhar...Duets in my life

  5. Thanks for the info Mr Anson. I wanted to learn RPA tools, Can you help me.

  6. Great article bro….

  7. Hi I am Renuka and I am a employee of one of BPO. As I am from non-technical background which is BSc in Chemistry and Biology. The fact is i do not know anything about technical field. I heard about the RPA automation which is going to implement or happen in the industry in upcoming days.I am worried about my future, Could you please suggest me or help me out of this so that i can prepare myself for upcoming RPA automation.

  8. hi i am a Manual test engineer with an experience of 3yrs i m interested in learning RPA tool.Can you tell me which tool is best for my career

    • Hi Amarnath, There are many RPA tools available in the market, I have made a list of some of the popular rpa tools in this video (, also people have commented few more tools in the video, you may check out those. Currently I’m doing an analysis on industry vise popularity for different tools which I’ll publish soon, mean while you can also check out the Industry vise growth for RPA (Result: Based these analysis and your area of interest you can choose a tool which suits for your career growth.

  9. Awesome , you have given entire view of RPA in this article and thank you very much.

  10. thanks boss

  11. I can get a job related to RPA, but in software development in .NET. I do not know how to start. I am a .NET developer but I do not know any libraries or software component to work with. Can you help me?

  12. really good

  13. Excellent work Anson..Great work and very much help ful

  14. I feel Jiffytest and JiffyRPA by Option3 is more advanced than UiPath and BluePrism

  15. Shaik Hussain Pasha

    Hi Anson,

    Thanks for sharing overview and work process of RPA.
    Myself Shaik Hussain Pasha, Working as a Software Engineer with .Net Technologies with 3 yrs experience.

    I have got new opportunities to work with RPA Tools,I don’t know anything about it.I am a completely new for this.

    I want to know is this new tools help my carrier or shall i continue with same my programming carrier?

    please let me know dec1 is my joining date.

    I am technically good in .net,Please let me know…is this good for my carrier?

    waiting for your immediate response

  16. HI Anson
    I’m Dennys & want to know is RPA is required any coding skills?
    Currently I’m working as a Support Engineer & what role in RPA will suit?
    and finally How is the growth will be in India with RPA skills.
    Please guide me..

  17. I am an IT operations guy with 10% knowledge on technology and would like to purse RPA for better career. Am I making a right move ? If so, which one should I prefer?

  18. Hi Ansan,

    It’s really nice overview for a beginner like me in RPA.

    I am 10 year Test Automation experienced in tools like QTP and Selenium. I would like to learn RPA and change from Testing to RPA.

    Could you let me know is this the right and relavent move?


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